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What is the abdominal CT scan and the diseases that it detects?


A computerized tomography (CT) scan is a type of specialized X-ray that can show cross-sectional images of a specific area of ​​the body. A CT scan of your abdomen helps your doctor see the organs, blood vessels, and bones in your abdominal cavity. Multiple images presented to your doctor give your doctor many different views of your body, healthline reports.


Why is a CT scan of the abdomen performed?


An abdominal CT scan is used when your doctor suspects something is wrong with your abdominal area but can't find enough information through a physical exam or lab tests. Some of the reasons your doctor might want to have an abdominal CT scan include:


Stomach ache.

A lump in your abdomen that you feel.

Kidney stones (to check the size and location of the stones).

Unexplained weight loss.

Infections such as appendicitis.

To check for intestinal obstruction.

Inflammatory bowel, such as Crohn's disease.

Injuries after trauma.

Modern diagnosis of cancer.

Your doctor may choose a CT scan instead of an X-ray because it provides more detail than an X-ray. The CT scanner moves around your body and takes pictures from several different angles. X-rays take pictures from only one angle.

How to prepare for an abdominal CT scan?


Your doctor will likely ask you to fast (not eat) for two to four hours before the examination. You may be asked to stop taking certain medications before the test. You may want to wear loose, comfortable clothing because you will need to lie on the operating table. You may also be given a hospital gown. to wear it. You will be prompted to remove items such as:


Eyeglasses, jewelry, hair clips, dentures, hearing aids, and bras with metal wire. Depending on the reason for your CT scan, you may need to drink a large glass of oral contrast. This is a liquid that contains barium or a substance called gastrographene (diatrizoate meglumine and sodium diatrizoate liquid).


Barium and Gastrografin are both chemicals that help doctors get better images of the stomach and intestines. Barium has a chalky taste and texture. You'll likely wait 60 to 90 minutes after drinking the tincture for it to move through your body.

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